Norske og habile passfraser


Du har sett denne; en lett blanding av tilfeldige ord kan være langt mer habilt enn korte og knotete passord. Men fire «tilfeldige» ord man selv skal finne på blir sjeldent veldig tilfeldig. Debian (med venner) har i pakkebrønnene sine hele ordlister fra de fleste språk. Under er litt bash for å hente ut tilfeldige ord for å generere norske og habile passfraser.

torvald@gauda ~ $ sudo apt-get install wnorwegian
torvald@gauda ~ $ egrep "^.{3,8}$" /usr/share/dict/bokmaal | wc -l
torvald@gauda ~ $ egrep "^.{3,8}$" /usr/share/dict/bokmaal | sort -R | tail -n 40 | sed 'N;N;N;s/\n/ /g' 
kannen luserne utkokene nesen
melker visperer pilkinga samtykt
rustende probert lykkes thaien
snakksom forkava troika liker
fremlagt syringer staplene doen
klebre spisse lyter leik
snaue brekke driller totiden
sletta snesene utebase huniske
heks gjentok fangsten vassing
madrass murverka danske duskende

Website change detection

I have used for a while. But it has always annoyed me that they don't send me the actual diff when they send me a change notification, just a link to a status page. So here is a simple self hosted version, written in Python, using a headless Chrome (to ensure we render JavaScript content). You specify URLs and the divs' id/class in the file - internal state is tracked in some plain text files - and voilà.

This way you can track changes to local restaurant's weekly menu, slow moving government cases, job listings or privacy policies that your providers chooses to change whenever they feel like it.

You can download both selenium and BeautifulSoup from pip. You will also need to download ChromeDriver.


from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from selenium import webdriver
from import Options
import difflib
import hashlib
import os

state_directory = "/tmp/"

pages = [
    ("", ".jobbnorge-joblist-table"),
    ("", "#main-content"),
    ("", '.menu-block'),
    ("", ".www-Section")

chrome_options = Options()
chrome_driver = "/path/to/chromedriver"

def get_element_from_url(url, selector):
    driver = webdriver.Chrome(
        chrome_options=chrome_options, executable_path=chrome_driver
    html = driver.execute_script("return document.body.innerHTML")
    soup = BeautifulSoup(html)
    selected =
    if not selected:
        print("Selector {} not found at {}".format(selector, url))
        return None
    if len(selected) > 1:
        print("Found multiple items with selector {} at {}. Selecting first.".format(selector, url))

    return selected[0].prettify()

for url, selector in pages:
    identifier = hashlib.md5((url+selector).encode('utf-8')).hexdigest()
    file_name = "{}{}.txt".format(state_directory, identifier)

    html_new = get_element_from_url(url, selector)

    # cound not get content
    if not html_new:

    # save new input and continue, we will check diff next time
    if not os.path.exists(file_name):
        f = open(file_name, "w+")

    f = open(file_name, "r")
    html_old =

    diff = difflib.unified_diff(

    diff_output = '\n'.join(list(diff)[3:]) # The four first lines are just +++---

    if diff_output:
        print(' ***** {} ***** '.format(url))
        print("\n" + diff_output + "\n")
        # save new version to file
        f = open(file_name, "w+")

Put this in your crontab on a server near you and let crontab send you an email when the script outputs a change.

0 * * * * /home/badguy90/bin/

A bonus; colorize the content of the emails in mutt to make the diff easier to read, just like git. Put this in your .muttrc.

# colorfull diffs in email
color body green default "^diff \-.*"
color body green default "^index [a-f0-9].*"
color body green default "^\-\-\- .*"
color body green default "^[\+]{3} .*"
color body cyan default "^[\+][^\+]+.*"
color body red  default "^\-[^\-]+.*"
color body brightblue default "^@@ .*"


RSS reader with RegEx matching and push notifications

Many years ago I made an awful bash script which subscribed to a couple of RSS feeds and pushed notifications to me if it found keywords of value in the title. In the event doing some changes, I made the jump to python. Here is the gist of it, where you easily can substitute the choice of database and mobile push service. I use pushover (which cost a couple of dollars, but well worth it) and sqlite3.


import feedparser # pip3 install
import http.client
import os
import re
import sqlite3
import sys
import urllib

sqlite_db_file = '/home/user/.rss-reader.db'
pushover_token = 'xxx'
pushover_userkey = 'xxx'

feeds = [
        'name': 'Lokalavis 1',
        'url': '',
        'keywords': ['.']
        'name': 'Aftenbladet',
        'url': '',
        'keywords': [
            'Lokalt sted 1',
            'Lokalt sted 2',
        'name': 'Reddit Frontpage',
        'url': '',
        'keywords': ['norw(ay|egian)']},
        'name': 'Reddit Linux',
        'url': '',
        'keywords': ['debian', 'vim', 'lwn', 'stallman']
         'name': 'HackerNews',
         'url': '',
         'keywords': [

db = sqlite3.connect(sqlite_db_file)
c = db.cursor()
create_table = '''CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS entries (
                    url TEXT,
                    summary TEXT

def tty():
    return os.isatty(sys.stdin.fileno())

def save_in_db(url, summary):
    c = db.cursor()
    insert = "INSERT INTO entries VALUES (NULL, ?, ?);"
    c.execute(insert, [url, summary])

def link_in_db(link):
    c = db.cursor()
    c.execute("SELECT * FROM entries where url = ?", [link])
    if len(c.fetchall()) > 0:
        return True
    return False

def push(title, summary, link):
    conn = http.client.HTTPSConnection("")
    conn.request("POST", "/1/messages.json",
        "token": pushover_token,
        "user": pushover_userkey,
        "title": title,
        "message": summary,
        "url": link
      }), { "Content-type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" })

for feed in feeds:
    if tty(): print("Fetching {}".format(feed['url']))
    p = feedparser.parse(feed['url'])
    for entry in p.entries:
        link =
        summary = entry.summary
        for keyword in feed['keywords']:
            if, entry.summary) and not link_in_db(link):
                if tty(): print("Keyword hit '{}' in {}".format(keyword, entry.title))

                push_title = "{} ({})".format(feed['name'], keyword)
                title_and_summary = "{} - {}".format(entry.title, entry.summary)

                push(push_title, title_and_summary, link)
                save_in_db(link, title_and_summary)

Add to cron:

*/10 * * * * /home/user/bin/


I have added the field summary in my database for possible later use.

Here is a screenshot of the Pushover telling me the local ferry is having trouble. (-:


REST stats


This started by me wanting to graph up from some arbitrary data sources, and I wanted to store the data in my postgres database for learning purposes. So I went down the rabbit hole and looked for a statsd-ish services with a Postgres backend, but everything was either a bit to much or a bit to little. So I ended up writing a simple app for my Django project and piggy backed the ubiquitous REST API and the Postgres backend I already had set up.

It is nothing fancy, for gauge measurements; I collect incoming values to the following models. If the gauge's slug (name) is not seen before, its created, so I can dynamically add new measurements from scripts or other sources. The secret is added when the gauge is created and must be present when you want to add data points.

class Gauge(models.Model):
    slug = models.CharField(max_length=100, unique=True)
    title = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    created_at = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True)
    secret = models.TextField(null=True, blank=True)
    desc = models.TextField(null=True, blank=True)
    unit = models.TextField(null=True, blank=True)
    deleted = models.DateTimeField(null=True, blank=True)

class GaugeValue(models.Model):
    gauge = models.ForeignKey(Gauge, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    created_at = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True)
    value = models.FloatField()

I have made a simple dashboard which draws graphs from the latest data on and you can browse historical data by navigating further. For now, every graph is aggregating over all the values in the given timespan and it is snappy enough. The graphs are made by the Django app graphos which has a collection of straightforward graph types.

A gague can be created, and enriched, with:

curl -s --get \
     --data-urlencode "secret=s3cr3t" \
     --data-urlencode "value=$VALUE" \$SLUG/add

The whole code can be found on github.